The following diagnoses are based on the esophagus:
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Achalasia is a motility disorder of the esophagus. The primary disorder in achalasia is that the bottom of the esophagus does not relax properly. The primary symptom of achalasia is trouble swallowing liquids and solids.
Barrett’s Esophagus is a known risk factor for cancer of the esophagus. In response to chronic acid reflux, the cells at the bottom of the esophagus have changed to look more like cells of the stomach.
Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) is an allergic condition of the esophagus. In response to certain food triggers, there is an abundance of a special type of white blood cell, eosinophils, in the lining of the esophagus. The primary symptom of achalasia is trouble swallowing liquids and solids.
Esophageal cancer is a cancer of the food pipe connecting the mouth to the stomach. There are different types of cancer of the esophagus with different treatments and outcomes. The most common risk factors for cancer of the esophagus are tobacco and alcohol abuse, chronic acid reflux and obesity
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a very common disease of the esophagus. The primary symptom of GERD is burning in the chest (heartburn) and the feeling of fluid coming back up from the stomach into the mouth.
A hiatal hernia is a condition where the top of the stomach has migrated above the diaphragm. A hiatal hernia is commonly seen in patients with acid reflux. The major risk factors for hiatal hernias are increased age and obesity.
The process of transferring food from our mouth into the stomach is a complicated process. There are multiple conditions that can result in changes to the muscles and nerves involved in swallowing. The primary symptoms could include the feeling of the food getting stuck in the chest, food coming back out of the mouth, chest pain or pressure or just losing weight.